7C-8J, I. S. Gajra Industrial Area - 1, A.B. Road,
Dewas - 455001 M.P. INDIA
Email info@fluidomat.com
6th Floor, 9 Appold Street,
London, United Kingdom, EC2A 2AP.
Email sundeep@fluidomat.com
Release Date: February 21, 2020

DOL Starting of Motor with Fluidomat Coupling

Generally a star - delta starter is employed for a cage motor so as to reduce value of starting current kick.

In star mode the voltage reduces to 57% of delta mode value of 100%. If motor starting current kick is 6.0 pu (600%) then the starting current kick will be 6 X .57 = 3.42 pu. However the torque generated by a motor is proportional to square of voltage. Thus the starting torque of motor becomes. .57² = .333 or 33.3%. If the starting torque of motor is 1.60 pu then it will reduce to 1.6 x .333 = 0.53 pu which is 1/3rd of value in delta mode. With 1/3rd the starting torque the load is going to take 3 times the time required to accelerate compared to delta mode.

With 1/3rd the starting torque the load is going to take 3 times the time required to accelerate compared to delta mode. Since the motor coupled to load gets accelerated slowly therefore it reaches to 70% speed very slowly or in long duration of time or period. Therefore the motor current decays very slowly from 3.99 pu value. After accelerating the load and motor for 10 to 15 seconds in star mode, the motor connection is switched to delta mode. This switching causes a large kick of current which will be1.73 times of the value of the current at that moment of switching multiplied by the transient surge. Thus if the motor speed is around 30% of synchronous speed then this kick may be as high as 5.0 pu. So if starting in star mode has reduced starting current kick from 6.0 pu to 3.42 pu, then at a later stage another kick will be experienced by the motor and the electric system to a value of 5.0 pu.

It is generally a practice to oversize the motor power particularly if star-delta starting is to be employed. This ensures that even with 1/3rd starting torque the motor will accelerate the load to atleast 70% speed in 10-15 seconds. Oversizing the motor power means recurring loss of energy and high initial cost.

Now examine DOL starting with fluid coupling in the drive system.

Use of star delta mode starting with fluid coupling is not justified technically but where electricity board is adamant then this 2 second restriction is put. Otherwise star delta starter is not required.

Other advantages of no load starting, availability of full starting torque of motor for self acceleration, availability of motor peak torque for load acceleration, fast decay of starting current to 3.0 pu in 1-2 seconds, low stresses on motor and system, smooth acceleration of load etc are good enough to justify use of fluid coupling with DOL starting.